2nd Grade MULTIPLICATION Standards
2.1 Mathematical process standards. The student uses mathematical processes to acquire and demonstrate mathematical understanding. The student is expected to:
A. Apply mathematics to problems arising in everyday life, society, and the workplace;
B. Use a problem-solving model that incorporates analyzing given information, formulating a plan or strategy, determining a solution, justifying the solution, and evaluating the problem-solving process and the reasonableness of the solution;
C. Select tools, including real objects, manipulatives, paper and pencil, and technology as appropriate, and techniques, including mental math, estimation, and number sense as appropriate, to solve problems;
D. Communicate mathematical ideas, reasoning, and their implications using multiple representations, including symbols, diagrams, graphs, and language as appropriate;
E. Create and use representations to organize, record, and communicate mathematical idea;
F. Analyze mathematical relationships to connect and communicate mathematical ideas;
G. Display, explain, and justify mathematical ideas and arguments using precise mathematical language in written or oral communication.
2.6 Number and operations. The student applies mathematical process standards to connect repeated addition and subtraction to multiplication and division situations that involve equal groupings and shares. The student is expected to:
A. Model, create, and describe contextual multiplication situations in which equivalent sets of concrete objects are joined;
B. Model, create, and describe contextual division situations in which a set of concrete objects is separated into equivalent sets.
COMMON CORE STANDARDS
Operations & Algebraic Thinking
Work with equal groups of objects to gain foundations for multiplication.
2.OA.C.3 Determine whether a group of objects (up to 20) has an odd or even number of members, e.g., by pairing objects or counting them by 2s; write an equation to express an even number as a sum of two equal addends.
2.OA.C.4 Use addition to find the total number of objects arranged in rectangular arrays with up to 5 rows and up to 5 columns; write an equation to express the total as a sum of equal addends.