5th Grade MULTIPLICATION Standards
*List also includes some bonus standards for graphing that you may use Math Stackers to discover.
5.1 Mathematical process standards. The student uses mathematical processes to acquire and demonstrate mathematical understanding. The student is expected to:
A. Apply mathematics to problems arising in everyday life, society, and the workplace;
B. Use a problem-solving model that incorporates analyzing given information, formulating a plan or strategy, determining a solution, justifying the solution, and evaluating the problem-solving process and the reasonableness of the solution;
C. Select tools, including real objects, manipulatives, paper and pencil, and technology as appropriate, and techniques, including mental math, estimation, and number sense as appropriate, to solve problems;
D. Communicate mathematical ideas, reasoning, and their implications using multiple representations, including symbols, diagrams, graphs, and language as appropriate;
E. Create and use representations to organize, record, and communicate mathematical ideas;
F. Analyze mathematical relationships to connect and communicate mathematical ideas;
G. Display, explain, and justify mathematical ideas and arguments using precise mathematical language in written or oral communication.
5.4 Algebraic reasoning. The student applies mathematical process standards to develop concepts of expressions and equations. The student is expected to:
A. Identify prime and composite numbers;
B. Represent and solve multi-step problems involving the four operations with whole numbers using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity;
E. Describe the meaning of parentheses and brackets in a numeric expression; Supporting Standard.
5.7 Geometry and measurement. The student applies mathematical process standards to identify locations on a coordinate plane. The student is expected to:
B. Describe the process for graphing ordered pairs of numbers in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane; and
C. Graph in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane ordered pairs of numbers arising from mathematical and real-world problems, including those generated by number patterns or found in an input-output table.
Operations & Algebraic Thinking:
Write and interpret numerical expressions.
5.OA.A.1 Use parentheses, brackets, or braces in numerical expressions, and evaluate expressions with these symbols.
5.OA.A.2 Write simple expressions that record calculations with numbers, and interpret numerical expressions without evaluating them. For example, express the calculation "add 8 and 7, then multiply by 2" as 2 × (8 + 7). Recognize that 3 × (18932 + 921) is three times as large as 18932 + 921, without having to calculate the indicated sum or product.
Number & Operations in Base Ten:
Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths.
5.NBT.B.6 Find whole-number quotients of whole numbers with up to four-digit dividends and two-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.
Number & Operations - Fractions:
Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division.
5.NF.B.5 Interpret multiplication as scaling (resizing), by:
5.NF.B.5.A Comparing the size of a product to the size of one factor on the basis of the
size of the other factor, without performing the indicated multiplication.